Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 keywords and phrases. Not only that, Chinese is along with a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, additionally unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available when using PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or a fact. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. The fourth tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, are usually many similar sounds unique meanings. As a question of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which usually composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concise explaination of the characters may possibly. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the unique way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds because u with an umlaut () that sounds like a combination of I and u. Like all things unfamiliar, it will result in uncertainty and issue. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language success.
The Strategies Previously Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted a groundwork amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Far east learners and uncovered interesting results may help future learners in forming a helpful study procedure. Her study revolves concerning the most regularly employed Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese personas.
The study finds that among greatest twenty usually used strategies, eight of them are involved in when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the character.
7. Listening to the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned identity.
The next six strategies are formerly increase learners’ understanding from the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the actual character already been used above.
12. Learning how they are used in conversation.
13. When using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how to say hi in chinese the type could be taken in phrases.
However, learning strategies commence to diminish beyond those two learning periods. There are only three strategies used in memorising newly learned nature herself.
15. Saying and writing the character at once.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. Due to the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And tend to be : only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed overall performance two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many years.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four tend to be found to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. A few strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the character repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what they learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, a significant improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials are generally learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials built learning as they do a product. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection that isn’t characters become worse them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding the concepts of. One way the proper this is actually using an app with regard to example The Intelligent Flashcards. Additionally flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters dependent upon chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it can be accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so significantly more convenient that another app with regard to example Anki. With Anki, although user will add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing your characters tend to be in perspective. This can do by observing real-life conversations to supplement the textbook and audio recordings conversation. It is interesting to notice that individuals studied in the abovementioned research were hesitant to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese movies. There could be many reasons that generate this. The structure of the shows or songs usually will not appeal on the learners.
Access to this program is considerably less convenient. And even if the shows might be accessed online, rarely are they subtitled either in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more helpful to beginner learners in getting the language. Also, most from the very popular Chinese Tv fall in the historical genre, which can be a favourite one of several Chinese, for instance The Empress of China. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is a bit more complex compared to a contemporary spoken Chinese.